In comparison with the type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is much easier to manage and treat. In this disease, the main problem is that too much sugar is entering the blood and certain lifestyle activities influence the body's ability to process the sugars. There are several contributing factors to this problem, including smoking cigarettes and getting plenty of exercises. However, the main culprit is found in the personal dietary habits of the person. Eating foods that have a high glycemic load on a regular basis will increase the chances of developing the disease. In addition, there are some medical conditions, such as hypertension and obesity, that have a direct correlation with diabetes.
The symptoms of diabetes 2 have a wide range. Most common are the traditional hunger and thirst that are associated with all forms of diabetes as well as a need to urinate frequently. Other symptoms could affect a patient's mental acuity. Recent studies have shown that there is a relationship between the condition and cognitive problems like Alzheimer's disease and dementia. Also, many patients with this disease have difficulty in focusing their attention and feel mentally lazy often.
The good news about treating this condition is that medication is not always needed. Many patients will find that simply changing their regular activities will result in a decrease or disappearance of the disease. By beginning a program of regular exercise and eating foods that have a lower glycemic load, the normal blood sugar levels will be returned. For optimal health, a patient should also cease activities, such as smoking or excessive alcohol intake, that are problematic. In some cases, medication will be needed to treat type 2 diabetes, usually in the form of insulin injections or taking drugs like Metformin that reduce the chances of mortality.