The past few decades have seen a rise in the cases of diabetes in children with little explanation. Contrary to popular belief, this increase is not related to the dietary habits or activities of the mother prior to birth. The vast majority, approximately 90-95%, are classified as type 1 diabetes, meaning that there is an auto-immune disorder that is preventing the successful production of insulin. Most experts that study diabetes in children attribute the increase to a combination of both external triggers from the environment and genetic traits, although the incidence of diabetes in a family history is not usually present in children that have the disease.
The symptoms of diabetes with a child are relatively similar to that experienced by adults. The most common of the symptoms are feeling tired, losing weight, a higher sense of thirst or hunger, or needing to urinate more frequently than normal. There are some other symptoms of diabetic children that are sometimes exhibited. Having frequent headaches or abdominal pain may also be indicators of the presence of type 1 diabetes in a child. During early doctor visits, tests should be done to determine whether a child has this disease and a treatment plan created to deal with the condition.
Because children are usually not capable of staying aware of their blood sugar state, parents will need to be vigilant in making sure that children receive the insulin that they need. One solution that many diabetics use is to administer a combination of slow absorption and fast absorption insulin. The former is taking at night before the child goes to sleep and the latter is used during the day to keep blood sugar levels normal. This disease in lads may also require more advanced treatment, such as using insulin pumps, and as the child grows older, frequent testing of the blood sugar levels will be needed.